Lombardy is the largest region in the center of northern Italy, between the Po Valley and the Alps.
With over 10 million citizens, Lombardy is also the most populous region of Italy.
Milan, the capital city, is well known around the world to be also the Italian main city for economy, fashion and, in the occasion of the Expo 2015, also for architecture.
Lombardy is a Region rich of history, natural and monumental beauties.
EXPO PHOTO TOUR wants to guide you through the beauty of this Region and its cities, learning to you or discovering with you what it has to offer.
Several cities of Lombardy were big and famous since the Roman period: Milan (Mediolanum, which means “in the middle of the plain”), Bergamo (Bergomum), Brescia (Brixia), Mantova (Mantua), and many more of them!
After the end of the Roman Empire (476), Lombardy was occupied by Barbarians, and over time these populations learned civilization.
The name “Lombardy” was given from the Longobards, Germanic people that occupied the region in 568; thier occupations left to the territory important historical evidences, especially in Monza, the capital city of the Lombardy Kingdom in the Seventh century.
During the Middle Ages, the model of governement called Feudalism, developed the “Municipalities”, urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government or jurisdiction.
The city-state was normally independent, but in 1176 it joined the “Lega Lombarda” . During the Battle of Legnano they beated the Emperor Frederick I of Hohenstaufen called “Il Barbarossa = The Red Beard” and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, who was battling to invade Lombardy.
In the Twelfth century, the municipal model entered into a crisis and it was replaced by the emerging “Lordships”: the Gonzaga in Mantua, the Visconti and the Sforza in Milan.
In the Ninth century the Republic of Venice began to expand towards the mainland, reaching up the Lombardy region, clashing on the eastern border of the Duchy of Milan. (non ho capito che si vuole dire…)
During the same period, along the border between Milan and Venice, many castels and fortified Cities were built: no other area of Lombardy has such a large number of medieval fortifications!
In the following centuries Lombardy was dominated by French and Spanish people who left us monuments, like the Spanish Wall in Milan, and the Fort Fuentes facing the Como Lake).
The Republic of Venice lasted almost a thousand year more, until the invasion of Napoleane Bonaparte in 1797 by Napoleon Bonaparte, who extended the French Empire to Italy.
After the fall of Napoleon (1815), Lombardy was conquered by the Austrians, who remained in this region until the famous “Five days of Milan” (18/22-03-1848), when they were driven out by the people. (the people chi sarebbero…?)
The Independence Wars and the General Giuseppe Garibaldi, brought Italy to its Unification in 1861.
Since then Milan is developing as a modern and industralized city: many of the most important Italian companies were founded in Milan.